The social security co-ordination forms a cornerstone of the European Union. The fact that the first regulations on the coordination of the various national systems were adopted on 1 January 1959; underlines the high importance of these issues. The EU regulations on social security have the objective of protecting those employers who make use of their right to free movement within the EU in the first place. The harmonisation of the field is complicated by differences between existing national social security systems. The EU Regulations on social security provide protection for all workers and their family members who cross the internal borders of the Union, whether for professional or personal reasons.
This edited collection gathers together the principal findings of the three-year RELIGARE project, which dealt with the question of religious and philosophical diversity in European law. Specifically, it covers four spheres of public policy and legislation where the pressure to accommodate religious diversity has been most strongly felt in Europe: employment, family life, use of public space and state support mechanisms. Embracing a forward-looking approach, the final RELIGARE report provides recommendations to governance units at the local, national and European levels regarding issues of religious pluralism and secularism. This volume adds context and critique to those recommendations and more generally opens an intellectual discussion on the topic of religion in the European Union. The book consists of two main parts: the first includes the principal findings of the RELIGARE research project, while the second is a compilation of 28 short contributions from influential scholars, legal practitioners, policy makers and activists who respond to the report and offer their views on the sensitive issue of religious diversity and the law in Europe.
This casebook on the law of sexual orientation and gender identity weaves historical, sociological, and literary perspectives into the legal material. It provides comprehensive coverage of many significant recent developments, including the Supreme Court's 2013 same-sex marriage cases and the regulatory aftermath of the striking down of the Defense of Marriage Act. This edition also adds new material on the interstate recognition of same-sex couples' marriages, First Amendment claims raised by LGBT rights opponents, and family law disputes between LGBT parents. In addition, it significantly expands its coverage of gender identity issues.
A Family Man : in three acts by John Galsworthy
*Includes a table of contents The United States has one of the most technically sound criminal justice systems in the world. Mostly derived from English common law, the U.S. Constitution explicitly lays out when and how a citizen can be searched and arrested, as well as their other rights to trial. But, as with many of the Constitution's powers, the experiences of the colonists at the hands of the British shaped our legal system's criminal procedure laws. Like most of American jurisprudence, American criminal law is rooted in the early American settler's experience with British law. In fact, when Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence and listed the "repeated injuries and usurpations" of the British monarchy, he named no less than five alleged offenses implicating the criminal justice system. Jefferson noted the King had "refus[ed] his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers," and he had "made judges dependent on his will alone." Jefferson also accused the British of conducting "mock trials" to protect their own soldiers who had committed crimes against the colonists, while depriving colonists of the rights to a trial by jury of their own peers. Criminal procedure is a subset of constitutional law that focuses on the procedures by which authorities investigate, prosecute, and adjudicate crimes. Criminal procedure rules frame the behavior of police, prosecutors, and judges when they seek to apprehend, charge, and convict those suspected of committing a crime to ensure that the suspect's constitutional rights are protected. After the colonists won the American Revolution, the Framers set about creating a Constitution that addressed all of these issues. Most of them are addressed in the 4th-8th Amendments of the Constitution. The 4th Amendment prohibits practices such as the writs of assistance by requiring probable cause for warrants, while the 6th and 7th Amendments protect against mock trials by requiring impartial juries and other trial rights. The Constitution also grants defendants the right of habeas corpus, which allows anyone charged with a crime to demand that the evidence against him be produced. However, time and circumstances change. In the 18th century, the Framers rode carriages to Philadelphia, not cars. Authorities had less reason to worry about dangerous weapons that could be hidden in coat pockets. As a result, American courts have had to apply the Constitution to new technology and circumstances beyond what the Framers could have possibly envisioned while drafting the Constitution. Today Americans are familiar with many of the Constitution's protections because they have been inundated with television shows about crime dramas. Many people can state the "Miranda Warning" by memory, a warning totally alien to the Framers. This book comprehensively covers the history and evolution of criminal law and procedure in America.
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